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Nature级Abstract常用句型汇总,附摘要模板!

2024/2/28 17:51:53  阅读:30 发布者:

Abstract是对科研论文的深度浓缩,旨在迅速传递文章的研究要点给读者。在书写Abstract时,不仅要包含写作目的、意义、方法、结果和结论等,还应精心选用句型和词汇,确保准确表达并符合英语语境,以满足读者的阅读需求。

01

Abstract中直接提出论文主题的句型

1The emphasis of this study lies in...

我们的研究重点是...

2The work presented in this paperfocuses on ...

本文所述工作重点放在...

3Our goal has been to provide ...

我们的目标是提供...

4The main objective of our investigation has been to obtain some knowledge of ...

我们的研究目标是获取有关···的知识

5The object ofthis fundamental research will be to reveal...

此项基础研究的目标是揭示...

6With his recent research, the author intends to outline the framework of ...

通过最近的研究,作者试图描绘...的构架

7The author attempted the set of experiments with a view to demonstrating certain phenomena in...

作者本着验证...中的一些现象的目的,进行了这些试验

8The authors are now initiating experimental investigation to establish

作者正在着手试验性研究,以建立...

02

Abstract 中描述研究理论基础、研究方案以及实验方法的句型

1This is a working theory which is based on...

这是一个基于.......工作理论

2The method used in our study is known as...

我们研究中使用的方法被称为.......

3The technique we applied is referred to as...

我们应用的技术称为.......

4The problem we have outlined deals largely with the study of...

我们所概述的问题主要涉及研究

5The experiment made by the research group is aimed atobtaining the results...

研究小组进行的实验旨在获取结果

6Included in the experiment were ...

实验中包括...

7A number of experiments were performed to check....

进行了若干次实验以检验

8Experiments on ...were made to measure...

...进行了实验以测量...

9We have carried out several sets of experiments to test thevalidity of ...

我们进行了若干组实验以验证...的有效性...

10We undertook the experiment to support the hypothesis of ....

我们进行了这项实验以支持...的假设...

03

Abstract中描述研究结果的句型

1Detailed information has been acquired by the authorabout...

作者得到了有关...的详细信息

2The research has recorded valuable data about ...

本研究记录到了关于...的有价值数据

3The results of the experiment indicate that...

实验结果表明...

4The studies we have performed showed that ..

我们所做研究表明...

5The research we have done suggests that ...

我们所做研究表明...

6We carried out several studies which have demonstrated that ...

我们开展了几项研究,验证了 ...

7The investigation carried out by us has revealed that ...

我们所做研究揭示了...

8From the experiment, the authors came to realize that ...

从此项实验中,作者终于认识到...

04

Abstract描述研究意义及研究价值的句型

1All our preliminary results throw light on the nature of....

我们的初步研究结果有助于揭示...的本质...

2This fruitful work gives explanation of...

这项富有成果的工作解释了...

3The author's pioneer work has contributed to our present understan...

作者的开创性工作有助于理解...

4The research work has brought about a discovery of...

研究工作带来一个发现

5The research has resulted in a solution of

研究工作带来一个···问题的解决方案

6Our work involving studies of ... prove to be encouraging

我们涉及...研究的工作,事实证明是鼓舞人心的

05

生物医学论文Abstract写作模版及示例

这个模板可根据研究的具体内容和要求进行调整,但通常包括背景、目的、方法、结果、结论和关键词。

Abstract:

Background: In this section, briefly introduce the background of the research area and the significance of the study.

Objective: Clarify the research objectives or research questions.

Methods: Describe the study's design, methods, and data collection process, including study subjects, experimental design, data collection, and analysis methods.

Results: Summarize the main results and findings of the study, including key data, statistical results, and experimental outcomes.

Conclusion: Present the main conclusions and significance of the study, addressing the research questions and highlighting the study's contributions.

Keywords: List 3-5 keywords to assist in literature indexing and retrieval.

下是一个示例:

Abstract:

Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder with a growing global prevalence. Early and accurate diagnosis is essential for effective intervention.

背景:阿尔茨海默病(AD)是一种具有不断增长的全球患病率的毁灭性神经退行性疾病。早期和准确的诊断对于有效干预至关重要。

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utility of a novel biomarker in the early detection of AD in a cohort of elderly individuals.

目的:本研究旨在评估一种新型生物标志物在早期检测老年人中的AD中的诊断效用。

Methods: A prospective study was conducted, enrolling 300 elderly participants. The novel biomarker was analyzed in cerebrospinal fluid samples, and its performance was compared to conventional diagnostic methods. Data were analyzed using advanced statistical techniques.

方法:进行了一项前瞻性研究,招募了300名老年参与者。对脑脊液样本中的新型生物标志物进行了分析,并将其性能与传统诊断方法进行了比较。数据采用先进的统计技术进行分析。

Results: The novel biomarker demonstrated a diagnostic accuracy of 95% in detecting early-stage AD, surpassing the performance of conventional diagnostic tools. Sensitivity and specificity were 94% and 96%, respectively.

结果:新型生物标志物在检测早期AD方面表现出95%的诊断准确性,超过了传统诊断工具的性能。灵敏度和特异性分别为94%96%

Conclusion: The novel biomarker shows great promise as an early diagnostic tool for AD in elderly individuals. Its use could revolutionize early intervention and improve patient outcomes, reducing the burden of AD on individuals and healthcare systems.

结论:新型生物标志物显示出在老年人中作为早期诊断工具的巨大潜力。其使用可能会彻底改变早期干预并改善患者预后,减轻AD对个体和卫生系统的负担。

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, early diagnosis, biomarker, diagnostic accuracy, elderly population.

关键词:阿尔茨海默病,早期诊断,生物标志物,诊断准确性,老年人群。

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